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Paris Agreement Head

The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that guides global efforts for decades to come. The goal is to increase countries` climate goals over time. To promote this situation, the agreement provides for two review processes of a five-year cycle each. According to the organizing committee of the Paris summit, the goal of the 2015 conference was to reach, for the first time in more than 20 years of UN negotiations, a binding and universal climate agreement. [11] Pope Francis issued an encyclical entitled Laudato si`, which was to partly influence the conference. The encyclical calls for action against climate change: «Humanity is called to recognize the need to change the way of life, production and consumption to combat this warming, or at least the human causes they cause or aggravate.» [12] The International Trade Union Confederation called for «zero carbon, zero poverty,» and its general secretary, Sharan Burrow, reiterated that there were «no jobs on a dead planet.» Some U.S. policymakers, particularly Al Gore, agreed and insisted that «no deal is perfect and needs to be strengthened over time, but groups in all sectors of society will now begin to reduce the dangerous carbon pollution through this agreement.» [38] While the United States and Turkey are not part of the agreement, as they have not declared their intention to leave the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue, as Annex 1 countries, to prepare national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory. [91] Trump said last June that he would withdraw the United States from the landmark climate deal, calling it a burden on the U.S. economy, but his decision can only be made official in 2020, thanks to a withdrawal waiting period included in the agreement. Any country that ratifies the agreement must set an emissions reduction or limitation target, called a «national contribution» or «NDC,» but the amount will be voluntary. [30] [31] There will be no mechanism to compel a country[32] to set a target by a set date, nor will there be any enforcement measures if a defined target is not achieved.

[31] [33] There will be only one «Name and Shame» system[34] or, as János Pásztor, UN Under-Secretary-General for Climate Change, told CBS News, a «Name and Encourage» plan. [35] In previous climate negotiations, countries agreed to present, by 1 October 2015, the measures they wished to take as part of a comprehensive agreement. These commitments are called national contributions or INDCs. [18] Together, indCs would reduce global warming from 4 to 5°C (by 2100) to 2.7°C and per capita emissions by 9% by 2030, while in the eyes of conference organizers, they would give hope for further reductions in the future that would achieve a 2°C target. [19] On June 10, the European Commission has presented in Brussels a proposal for the ratification by the European Union of the Paris Agreement. . . .

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