This is a legally binding agreement between the signatories. «The Kigali amendment, which obtained 100 ratifications, is therefore good news. The amendment is a powerful tool to keep our planet cool. I thank the States that have ratified it and encourage the other 98 to follow this example and contribute to a safer future for humanity as a whole. The amendment is legally binding and came into force on 1 January 2019 and has been ratified by 20 parties. The goal is to reduce the utilization rate of HFC by more than 80% by 2047. Under the amendment, the phasing out of CFCs could, by the end of the century, prevent up to 0.5oC from global warming, while protecting the planet`s sensitive ozone layer. In Kigali, delegates worked hard to negotiate an agreement over a planned period that would order nations to gradually slow down the production and use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). After seven years of subsequent consultations, the parties to the Montreal Protocol have taken an important step forward in a legitimate tendering agreement to reduce power plant outputs. Since 9 November 2020, 109 states and the European Union have ratified the Kigali amendment.  However, it is difficult for Indians to comply with such an agreement with the Paris Pact, particularly when it engages in a «Make in India» programme to expand its industrial production. The country must also take into account the warm weather conditions and the growing demand for air conditioning systems, refrigerators and vehicles whose incomes are increasing for the middle class when implementing the programme. However, since the Indian government is a responsible country with a global vision, it has deliberately given a mandate to stop production of HFC-23, the result of the refrigerant used, thereby reducing the emission volume of 100 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent over the next 15 years.
The Kigali agreement is important because it addresses the crucial issue of CFCs. CFCs are powerful greenhouse gases and, to mitigate climate change, countries must strive to reduce their production and use and phase out them. That is why the Kigali agreement is becoming more important. The main features of this agreement are briefly described below. As part of the Kigali amendment, developed countries have attempted to phase out HFCs by 2036 for the 2011-12-13 baseline years. It agreed that developing countries will have their own timetable for such a phase. India, along with other developing countries, will have as its starting year 2024-2025-2026, with the obligation to freeze production and use in 2028. India completed its phase in four phases from 2032, with an overall decline of 10%, 20% in 2037, 30% in 2042 and 85% in 2047. This agreement promotes adequate carbon space for housing development while limiting costs to the economy and consumers during the transition period.